2017
2016
2015
2014
2013
2012
2011
2010
2009

 

INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM: CRISPR

19.10. - 20.10.2017

University Vienna, Vienna (A)

 

GREATEST HITS BY CHRISTINE LEDERER

05.05.2015 - 05.05.2017

State Museum Vorarlberg, Vorarlberg (A)

 

OPEN DAYS ACADEMY OF FINE ARTS

19.01. - 22.01.2017

Academy of Fine Arts Vienna (A)

 

LUMINOUS PERCEPTION

19.11.2016 - 14.01.2017

Michaela Stock Gallery, Vienna (A)

 

DOPUST Vienna | DAYS OF OPEN PERFORMANCE VIENNA

29.06. - 03.07.2016

Michaela Stock Gallery, Vienna (A)

 

ARTIST TALK: Zwischen Spiel und Durchdringung

07.04.2016, 4 pm

ÖBV, Vienna (A)

 

MIA PHOTO FAIR 2016

28.04. - 02.05.2016

by Michaela Stock Gallery, Vienna (A); Mia Fair Milano

 

KUNSTSTÜCKE

10.12. -12.12.2015

Künstlerhaus, Vienna (A)

 

REWIND REPLAY

13.11. - 15.11.2015

Hollenstein Gallery, Lustenau (A), curated by Yvonne Rüscher

 

LIBERATION FRANCE: OLYMPIA RED

18./19.07.2015

Liberation (F)

 

KAUNAS PHOTO FESTIVAL

04.09 - 04.10 2015

Kaunas Photo Festival, Kaunas National Drama Theater, (LT)

 

Le Voyage à Nantes

03.07. - 30.08.2015

Le Voyage à Nantes, Nantes (F)

 

youngCaritas & THIS HUMAN WORLD MAIN MOTIVE: INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS FILM FESTIVAL

09.07 - 11.07.2015

youngCaritas Viennathis human world, Vienna (A)

 

AUCTION SOTHEBY’S

26.02.2015

Semperdepot, Vienna (A)

 

Mythologie des Alltäglichen

03.12. - 15.01.2015

Impart contemporary, Vienna (A)

 

ARTIST TALK: UNDER-WATER PHOTOGRAPHY

16.12.2014: 8pm

Michaela Stock Gallery, Vienna (A)

 

GUIDED NIGHT TOUR: YOU WILL NEVER FIT IN HERE COMPLETELY

09.12.2014: 8 pm

Bildraum 07 Gallery, Vienna (A)

 

SYN Magazine Release: OBSZÖN

NOVEMBER 2014

syn-magazine, Vienna (A)

 

WAHRE WARE ICH

07.11 - 01.12.2014

Kunstraum Aber, Freiburg (D)

 

“Heidi”: International short- and longfilm videodays

27.06. - 29.06.2014

G.A.S-station, Berlin (D)

 

DAS FENSTER

14.02. - 07.03.2014

G.A.S-station, Berlin (D)

 

WIENER WUNDERKAMMER 2014

31.03. - 04.04.2014

Vienna University Of Technology; curated by Valie Export, Elisabeth von Samsonow, Renée Schröder and Martin Bernhofer

 

OLYMPIA

15.05. - 21.06.2014

Michaela Stock Gallery, Vienna (A)

 

ART IN ARCHITECTURE: HOUSING COMPLEX HARD (A)

Series "kolibri"

in cooperation with Juri Troy, 2013.

 

VIENNA GALLERY WEEKEND

03.05 - 05.05.2013

Michaela Stock Gallery, Vienna (A)

 

At the end of desire. Images of death and sea

11.06. - 06.10.2013

Norddeutsches Landesmuseum, Altonaer Museum, Hamburg (D)

 

CATALOGUE: IM KURHOTEL

2013

published by Michaela Stock Gallery, Lisi Hämmerle Gallery and Museums Montafon; An edition of 800, 55 limited with two signed photos, CD from "Bella Angora" and special cover. publishing house: Fotohof Salzburg (A)

 

EXHIBITION: IM KURHOTEL

13.11.2012 - 12.01.2013

European Month Of Photography Vienna, Michaela Stock Gallery, Vienna (A)

 

artmagazine.cc: “Total Recall im Kurhotel”

Review exhibition "im Kurhotel"

Artmagazine.cc, Österreich

 

BOOKCOVER FOR ULRIKE ULRICH

DECEMBER 2012

Luftschacht Verlag, Vienna (A)

 

EXHIBITION: IM KURHOTEL

16.11. - 02.12.2012

European Month of Photography Vienna, Künstlerhaus, Vienna (A)

 

EXHIBITION: IM KURHOTEL

13.11.2012 - 12.01.2013

European Month Of Photography Vienna, Michaela Stock Gallery, Vienna (A)

 

Japan – Fragility of Existence

28.09.2012 - 04.02.2013

Leopold Museum, Vienna (A)

 

SELECTION KAUNAS PHOTOFESTIVAL 2012 “ABOUT PHOTOGRAPHY”

06.09.2012 - 14.10.2012

M.Žilinskas Art Gallery of the National M.K.Čiurlionis Art Museum, Kaunas (LT)

 

PARIZON@DREAM: festival de la créativité numérique

09.06. - 10.06.2012

Parizonadream & La Galerie K, Paris (F)

 

Represantation at “Art Bodensee” artfair

13.07. - 15.07.2012

by Michaela Stock Gallery and Lisi Hämmerle Gallery in Bregenz (A) Art Bodensee

 

REVIEW: PANTA RHEI

MAGAZINE "NOVUM"

APRIL 2012

Novum (D)

 

BOOKCOVER FOR JOHN AJVIDE LINDQVIST

March 2012

Tordsilhas, Brasilia (USA)

 

EXHIBITION: ESPRITS DE L’EAU

02.02. - 16.04.2012

La Galerie K, Paris (F)

 

EXHIBIT: REFLECTION REFLECTED

04.11. - 12.11.2011

Michaela Stock Gallery/Next door, Vienna (A)

 

EXHIBITION: STORIES FOR REFLECTING

15.09 - 29.10.2011

Michaela Stock Gallery, Vienna (A)

 

Represantation at “CUTLOG” artfair (contemporary art fair)

20.10. - 23.10.2011

by Michaela Stock Gallery in Paris (FR) www.cutlog.org

 

Representation at “The-Solo-Project” ArtFair

15.06. – 19.06.2011

by Michaela Stock Gallery in Basel (CH) www.the-solo-project.com

 

Exhibition “Croatia – Austria – Return”

20.05. – 13.06.2011

Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Rijeka (HR) www.mmsu.hr

 

Exhibition “Accrochage”

02.02. - 26.02.

Lisi Hämmerle Gallery, Bregenz (A)

 

Catalogue “previewed – Fotografie aus Wien”

will be pubhlised

contains texts by Ruth Horak, Paul Kraker, Friedl Kubelka,  Antje Mayer, Angela Stief www.eikon.at

 

Catalogue presentation “Blinde Flecken”

in Michaela Stock Gallery

Vienna (A) with Johanna Hofleitner

 

Exhibition “schwimmer”

06.11. - 08.01.

Salon Wien, Belvederegasse 22, 1040 Vienna (A): www.salonwien.com

 

Exhibition and charity for ICEP

curated by Esther Attar-Machanek

www.icep.at, Leopoldmuseum, Vienna (A)

 

Presentation at “Berlin Preview – the emerging art fair” (Berlin, D)

08.10. - 10.10.

by Michaela Stock Gallery, Wien (A) www.previewberlin.de

 

Solo Presentation at “ViennaFair”

05.05. - 09.05.

Solo Presentation at the International Contemporary Art Fair "ViennaFair" (Vienna/A) by Michaela Stock Gallery, Vienna (A) www.viennafair.at/en

 

Exhibition “ohne titel – sans titre – cím nélkül”

21.01. - 19.02.

collection Wenzl, Institut français de Budapest (HU)

 

WestLicht Photographica Auction

01.12. - 05.12.2009

Presentation in WestLicht Gallery, Vienna (A). New works from the series "schwimmer" will be shown and they all can be purchased by auction. www.westlicht-auction.com

 

Presentation/Vernissage “Hybrid & Muse”

12.11. - 10.01.2010

in Michaela Stock Gallery, Vienna (A)

 

Exhibition/Vernissage “open art”

02.06. - 30.09.2009

Vienna City Lights/Summerstage, Vienna (A) - curated by Franziska Maderthaner

 

Review in EIKON

February 2009

Review of the exhibitions "That's How It Is" (Michaela Stock Gallery, Vienna/A), "cellar number 13" (Palais Thurn und Taxis, Vorarlberg/A) and "I'll believe it, when I say it" (Lisi Hämmerle Gallery, Vorarlberg/A) in EIKON - International Magazine For Photography And Media Art (Issue 65/2009, pages 81-83).

 

SUJET MUSEUM ANGERLEHNER

September 2017

Museum Angerlehner, Thalheim bei Wels (A)

 

EXHIBITION AND CATALOGUE PRESENTATION “BETWEEN PLAY AND PERVASION”

10.06. - 24.06.2017

Michaela Stock Gallery, Vienna (A): Video

 

DIPLOMA/GRADUATION EXHIBITION “RADAR” ACADEMY OF FINE ARTS

21.06. - 30.06.2017

Academy of Fine Arts Vienna (A)

 

VIENNACONTEMPORARY CINEMA: ME, MYSELF AND I

22.09 - 25.09.2016

viennacontemporary, Vienna (A); curated by Olaf Stüber; in cooperation with Michaela Stock Gallery, Vienna (A)

 

YOUNGCARITAS & DIAGONALE MAIN MOTIVE

07.07 - 09.07.2016

youngCaritas Vienna, Diagonale (Festival of Austrian Film), Vienna (A)

 

DOUBLE FEATURE

19.02. - 08.03.2016

Exhibition run by THE ROOM and ART18, Vienna (A)

 

Zwischen Spiel und Durchdringung

20.01. - 20.05.2016

ÖBV, Vienna (A); opening speech: Diethard Leopold

 

VIENNA ART WEEK: OPEN STUDIO DAY

21.11.2015

Vienna Art Week, Vienna (A); in cooperation with Michaela Stock Gallery

 

WIENER WUNDERKAMMER 2015

05.11. - 11.11.2015

Wiener Wunderkammer, Vienna (A)

 

XWRA Video and Media Art Festival 2015

17.08. - 21.08.2015

Xwra Video and Media Art Festival, Ipati (GR)

 

Greatest Hits by Christine Lederer

05.05.2015 - 05.05.2017

State Museum Vorarlberg, Vorarlberg (A)

 

Circulation(s): Les projections 2015: Festival of young european photography

24.01. - 08.03.2015

Circulation(s), Paris (F)

 

APPROPRIATION | INTERPIKTORALITÄT | PART 2

29.05. - 15.08.2015

Michaela Stock Gallery, Vienna (A)

 

SCHÖNER SCHEIN

21.04. - 25.06.2015

Feuerbachl Gallery, Neunkirchen (A)

 

TRUGBILDER

17.01. - 07.02.2015

Raumschiff, Linz (A)

 

Sujet youngCaritas: “shoppingwunder”

19.12. - 20.12.2014

youngcaritas/actionfabrik, Vienna (A)

 

Sneak Preview “Mythologie des Alltäglichen”

03.12.2014: 7 pm

impart contemporary, Vienna (A)

 

Austrian contemporary

01.12.2014 - 30.09.2015

artZell Gallery, Salzburg (A)

 

Represantation at “Art Bodensee” artfair

11.07. - 13.07.2014

Bildrecht, Vienna (A)

 

Fred&Freda: MECA Mediterráneo Centro Artístico

11.09. - 14.09.2014

MARTE - Feria de Arte Contemporáneo de Castellón, Spain.

 

AT THE END OF DESIRE. IMAGES OF DEATH AND SEA

22.02. - 22.06.2014

kunst:raum sylt quelle, Sylt (D)

 

YOU WILL NEVER FIT IN HERE COMPLETELY: EUROPEAN MONTH OF PHOTOGRAPHY VIENNA/ EYES ON

23.10. - 10.12.2014

Bildraum 07 Gallery in cooperation with Michaela Stock Gallery, Vienna (A); Opening speech with Ernst Hilger.

 

SCHWIMMER & BURKA & FREMD

02.11. - 02.12.2013

La Galerie K, Paris (F)

 

SHAPE THE SCAPE

31.08. - 12.10.2013

Widmer + Theodoridis Contemporary, Zurich (CH)

 

A L’ORIGINE

13.12.2012 - 27.01.2013

La Galerie K, Paris (F)

 

EXHIBITION: IM KURHOTEL

09.11.2012 - 24.08.2013

Montafoner Museen, Schruns (A)

 

ORF Ö1: LEPORELLO: IM KURHOTEL

08.01.2013

Leporello, Im Kurhotel; Austria (A)

 

ORF Vorarlberg heute – Marko Zink “im Kurhotel”

10.11.2012

Vorarlberg Heute, ORF, Vorarlberg (A)

 

SELECTED:::AUSTRIAN PHOTOGRAPHY

03.12. - 22.12.2012

Gallery 33 Temporary (Con) Temporary, Vienna (A)

 

CATALOGUE: IM KURHOTEL

30.09.2012

published by Michaela Stock Gallery, Lisi Hämmerle Gallery and Museums Montafon; publishing house: Fotohof Salzburg (A)  

 

EXHIBITION: IM KURHOTEL

10.11. - 22.12.2012

Lisi Hämmerle Gallery, Bregenz (A)

 

EXHIBITION: FRED&FREDA

15.11. - 29.12.2012

Widmer+Theodoridis contemporary Gallery, project space, Zürich (CH)

 

FRED&FREDA VIDEO @ poolbarfestival

15.07. - 12.08.2012

Poolbarfestival, Feldkirch (A)

 

EXHIBITION: AFTER ART BODENSEE

16.07. - 04.08.2012

Lisi Hämmerle Gallery, Bregenz (A)

 

7th BERLIN BIENNALE FOR CONTEMPORARY ART

27.04. - 01.07.2012

Projekt Artwiki, Berlin (D)

 

EXHIBITION: ABOUT FLYING

06.11. - 01.12.2012

Schleifmühlgasse 12-14, Wien (A)

 

EXHIBITION: TRAGEDIES

17.07. - 19.08.2012

AllerArt Gallery, Bludenz (A)  

 

EXHIBIT: ZEITZEUGEN – Fotografie in Österreich seit 1945

15.12.2011 - 29.01.2012

Künstlerhaus Wien, Vienna (A)

 

PRÄSENTATION AT KAUNAS PHOTOFESTIVAL 2011

23.08. - 27.08.2011

by Thomas Licek and Regina Anzenberger, Lithuania www.kanausphoto.info

 

Exhibition “SOLITAIRE & FREEZE”

22.07. – 12.08.2011

ArtJail Gallery, New York (US)

 

Exhibition “sensitiv EXTRA”

09.06. – 30.06.2011

Museum of Contemporary Art, Zagreb (HR) www.msu.hr

 

Representation at “ViennaFair”

12.05. – 15.05.2011

(International Contemporary Art Fair Vienna/A) by Lisi Hämmerle Gallery (Booth A0120) and Michaela Stock Gallery (Booth A0122), Vienna (A) www.viennafair.at/en

 

Exhibition “swimmers”

13.01. - 13.02.

next door @ Michaela Stock Gallery, Vienna (A)

 

Interview with Austrian Press Agency (APA)

www.vienna.at

 

Vienna Art Week Special

Marko Zink guides the visitors of his exhibition "tragödien" through the respective stages of "tragödien" in the Schleifmühlgasse, Vienna (A). Review:  diepresse.com Meeting point: Michaela Stock Gallery

 

Exhibition “tragödien”

05.11. - 08.01.

an interdisciplinar project by Marko Zink with Elfriede Jelinek (www.a-e-m-gmbh.com), within the European Month Of Photography at Michaela Stock Gallery, Vienna (A)

 

Exhibition and charity for “Verein neunerHaus”

www.neunerhaus.at at MAK, Vienna (A)

 

Exhibition “eight views”

09.06. - 17.06.

Contemporary Diehlgasse 51, 1050 Vienna (A)

 

Exhibition “2mal2 – 2puta2”

25.03. - 03.04.

Waldinger Gallery, Osijek (HR)

 

Presentation “portrait”

21.11.2009 - 03.01.2010

in Palais Thurn und Taxis, Vorarlberg (A). www.kuenstlerhaus-bregenz.at

 

MUSA Vienna: Charity for “ICEP”

09.11.2009

Vienna (A). You can purchase a work form the series "schwimmer" by auction.

 

Representation at the International Contemporary Art Fair “ViennaFair”

07.05. - 10.05.2009

(Vienna/A) by Lisi Hämmerle Gallery, Vorarlberg (A). www.viennafair.at/en

 

Solopresentation “Whoever believes it”

24.01. - 21.02.2009

in Gallery Lisi Hämmerle, Vorarlberg (A)

 

CATALOGUE PRESENTATION “Between Play and Pervasion”

22.06.2017

Michaela Stock Gallery, Vienna (A)

 

PUBLICATION OF THE CATALOGUE “Between Play and Pervasion”

JUNE 2017

regular edition: Verlag für moderne Kunst // numbered, limited edition including signed photograph: Galerie Michaela Stock  

 

LUMINOUS PERCEPTION

19.11.2016 - 14.01.2017

Michaela Stock Gallery, Vienna (A)

 

IN ARCADIA EGO: COFFEE WITH…MARKO ZINK

June 2016

In-Arcadia-Ego, Vienna (A)

 

das andere selbst und das selbst andere

10.05. - 18.06.2016

Michaela Stock Gallery, Vienna (A)

 

Greatest Hits by Christine Lederer

05.05.2015 - 05.05.2017

State Museum Vorarlberg, Vorarlberg (A)

 

ARTMART 2015

18.11. - 22.11.2015

KünstlerhausArtmart, Vienna (A); in cooperation with Elke-Orange

 

Foto:plus

02.10 - 06.10.2015

flat1, Vienna (A)

 

Catalogue: Einblicke: Zeitgenössische Kunst aus Vorarlberg aus der Sammlung Illwerke vkw

2014-2015

Catalogue published by Vorarlberger Illwerke vkw, concept: Dr. Christa Häusler; ISBN: 978-3-99018-307-6

 

PHOTO BASEL

17.06. - 20.06.2015

durch widmertheodoridis, Eschlikon (CH) Photo Basel (CH)

 

JIFFYCHAT 01

26.03.2015

Künstlerhaus, Vienna (A)

 

Austrian contemporary

01.12.2014 - 30.09.2015

Austrian Contemporary, Salzburg (A)

 

Finissage: Mythologie des Alltäglichen

15.01.2015

Impart contemporary, Vienna (A)

 

ORF Ö1: LEPORELLO: THIS HUMAN WORLD & TRAGÖDIEN

28.11.2014

Leporello, Austria

 

THIS HUMAN WORLD: INTERVIEW

"this human art"

this human world, Vienna (A)

 

Mythologie des Alltäglichen

03.12.2014 - 08.01.2015

Impart contemporary, Vienna (A)

 

THIS HUMAN WORLD MAIN MOTIVE: International Human Rights Film Festival

04.12. - 13.12.2014

this human world, Vienna (A)

 

AUS GUTEM STOFF

07.06. - 19.07.2014

widmertheodoridis, Eschlikon (CH)

 

BORDERLAND – The entropy of identities

13.03. - 27.03.2014

Video Fred&Freda, MECA Mediterráneo Centro Artístico, Almeria (ES) & Museo de Almería (ES) & Universidad de Granada, Spain.

 

OLYMPIA

Gallery Weekend 2014: 16.05. - 18.05.2014

Michaela Stock Gallery, Vienna (A)

 

OPTIMISTES

06.05. - 30.10.2013

Johnson & Johnson by La Galerie K,  curated by Alexandre Crochet, Paris (F)

 

SHAPE THE SCAPE

23.03. - 11.05.2013

Kit Schulte Contemporary Art, Berlin (D)

 

EXHIBITION: VALIE EXPORT KUBUS

25.01.-25.02.2013

with a text by Diethard Leopold, in cooperation with Michaela Stock Gallery, Wien (A) Valie Export Kubus, Vienna (A)

 

Japan – Fragility Of Existence

28.09.2012 - 18.02.2013

Leopold Museum, Vienna (A)

 

ARTE TV: JOURNAL DES GALERIES

01.01.2013

TV review "Les Abysses Oniriques" in the course of "European Month of Photography in Paris" @ La Galerie K (Paris/F). ARTE TV, Journal des Galeries, Paris (F)

 

A L’ORIGINE

13.12.2012 - 27.01.2013

La Galerie K, Paris (F)

 

ORF KULTURTIPPS: MARKO ZINK “im Kurhotel”

25.11.2012

ORF 2, Matinee am Sonntag, Österreich (A)

 

EXHIBITION: IM KURHOTEL

09.11.2012 - 24.08.2013

Museums Montafon, Schruns (A)

 

LES ABYSSES ONIRIQUES: EUROPEAN MONTH OF PHOTOGRAPHY PARIS

10.11. - 08.12.2012

European Month Of Photography Paris, La Galerie K, Paris (F).

 

Soloshow at “fotofever – photography artfair” Brussels

04.-07.10.2012

by Michaela Stock Gallery, Vienna (A) fotofever artfair Brüssel

 

ARTIST TALK WITH INGRID ADAMER: ART BODENSEE

14.07.2012, 2.30pm

Booth Michaela Stock Gallery & Booth Lisi Hämmerle Gallery, Art Bodensee

 

EXHIBITION AND CHARITY FOR neunerHAUS VIENNA

Preview: 17.10.2012: Kunstraum Wohlleb, Wien (A)

Charity: 05.11.2012: MAK, Wien (A)

 

CATALOGUE: ZEITZEUGEN – Fotografie in Österreich seit 1945

JANUARY 2012

Künstlerhaus, Vienna (A)

 

SORRY: LUKAS TROBERG INVITED BY MARKO ZINK

15.02. - 29.02.2012

Michaela Stock Gallery/NEXT DOOR, Vienna (A)

 

ORF: KULTUR NACH 6: INTERVIEW WITH MARKO ZINK

12.01.2012

ORF, Vorarlberg (A); Free podcast download on itunes.

 

MARKO ZINK: MONTAFONER MONTAGSGESPRÄCHE

26.09.2011, 20.15h

Interview with Manfred Welte, ORF Feuerwehrhaus Bartholomäberg, Vorarlberg (A)

 

EXHIBITION at MUZEUL DE ARTA TIMISOARA

24.10. - 02.11.2011

Muzeul de Arta, Timisoara (RO); http://muzeuldeartatm.ro Curated by Walter Moser & Ana Maria Altmann

 

Artist In Residence + Exhibition

Juli 2011

Lazareti - Dubrovnik (HR)

 

Catalogue “schwimmer” will be published

June 2011

by Michaela Stock Gallery and Lisi Hämmerle Gallery (A). The catalogue can be ordered directly from the both galleries (ISBN: 978-3-902768-18-6)

 

Exhibition “forest”

15.02. - 12.03.

next door @ Michaela Stock Gallery, Vienna (A)

 

The catalogue “Blinde Flecken” published by “Luftschacht” is now available

ISBN: 978-3902373649

the catalogue focuses on the major photoseries and contains exclusive texts by Elfriede Jelinek, Matthias Herrmann, Anne Katrin Fessler, Walter Moser and Johanna Hofleitner. The catalogue is available at every well assorted bookshop, via all established online bookshops (f. i.: www.amazon.de), or can be purchased directly at "Luftschacht": www.luftschacht.com

 

ELKE-ORANGE on sale

16.11. - 21.11.

www.elke-orange.com: ARTmART at KünstlerHaus Vienna (A)

 

Opening and Vernissage of the exhibition “tragödien”

at Michaela Stock Gallery

Vienna (A). The exhibition is recommended by Peter Noever from MAK, Vienna (A). Introduction by Anne Katrin Fessler

 

Exhibition “Das Ding”

08.10. - 04.02.

Austrian Cultural Forum in Berlin (D)

 

Exhibition and Charity “just different – still equal”

WUK, Vienna (A) www.kunst-gegen-aids.org

 

Portrait of the artist

in the daily newspaper "Die Presse", Austria

schaufenster.diepresse.com

 

Gallery Night: Catalog presentation “Hybrid & Muse”

19.11.2009

Galerie Michaela Stock, Wien (A)

 

Klangforum Vienna: Charity for “SOS Mitmensch”, Vienna (A)

04.09.2009

You can purchase a work from the series "braut" by auction.

 

Exhibition “Austria for Beginners”

07.03. - 07.04.2009

in MONA (Museum Of New Arts), Detroit (US) - curated by Lisi Hämmerle

 

Presentation “cellar number 13”

16.01. - 15.02.2009

in Palais Thurn und Taxis, Vorarlberg (A)